Force of Siberia 2 replaces the defunct Nord Stream 2. When

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The “Force of Siberia 2” gas pipeline, under discussion for years between Moscow and Beijing, “will replace” Nord Stream 2, which was supposed to connect Russia and Europe through Germany, but whose commissioning was abandoned due to the Russian War in Ukraine, announced the Russian Minister of Energy Aleksandr Novak, Global Times reports, citing AFP.

Novak answered “yes” when he was asked, in an interview on the Rossiya-1 television station, on Thursday, about a replacement, in Russia’s energy strategy, of the European gas pipeline Nord Stream 2 with the Asian gas pipeline Force of Siberia 2.

The Russian Minister of Energy stated, during a visit to Uzbekistan, that Russia and China will soon sign agreements regarding the delivery of “50 billion cubic meters of natural gas” per year through the future Forza Siberii 2 gas pipeline.

This volume represents almost the maximum capacity of Nord Stream 1 – 55 billion m³ in total – which has been shut down since September 2.

Through this strategic gas pipeline, which connects Russia and Germany, transits, until September 2, a third of the deliveries of Russian natural gas to the European Union (EU).

The Force of Siberia 2 is to feed the “energetic” Chinese economy, partly through Mongolia.

The start date of the construction works was set in 2024.

In Russia’s energy strategy, this gas pipeline is to replace the Nord Stream 2 project, long supported by Germany, but which the United States frowned upon and which the West buried after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine at the end of February .

Russian natural gas exports to the EU “will decrease by approximately 50 billion m³” in 2022, Novak announced on Thursday.

Gas deliveries also increased on the Force of Siberia 1

The Russian minister announced that Gazprom, the operator of the Force of Siberia 1 gas pipeline, which from 2019 connects the Ceayadinskoe field, in Yakutia, to northeastern China, “will increase its deliveries” and will reach “20 billion m³ of natural gas” per year.

The connection, at the beginning of the year, of the Kovitka field, located near Lake Baikal, to this gas pipeline, will facilitate this important growth.

In 2025, when it reaches its maximum capacity, this important gas pipeline will produce 61 billion cubic meters per year, i.e. more than Nord Stream 1, of which 38 billion m³ will be destined for China, according to an important contract signed in 2014 by Gazprom with its Chinese counterpart CNPC.

Agreements were signed with Beijing to build a new transit route from Vladivostok, in the Russian Far East, to northern China, representing “10 billion m³ of additional natural gas”, Russian Energy Minister Aleksandr Novak announced on Thursday.