Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain has passed away

Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain has passed away

On September 8, 2022, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain died and Prince Charles became king immediately. On the other hand, its enthronement process is much more complex.

Thus, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain died on Thursday at the age of 96, and her son, Prince Charles is next in line to the throne. We mention the fact that he became King immediately, from the very moment his mother died.

In this regard, Reuters published a description of the protocol that formalizes the enthronement of a new monarch. Thus, according to the quoted source, in the first 24 hours, an Ascension Council is quickly convened and held at St James’s Palace, the sovereign’s official residence, to proclaim the successor.

This Council is made up of Privy Councilors who have been advising monarchs since the Norman period. At the moment, the Ascension Council consists of almost 670 high-ranking politicians. Among them is Prime Minister Liz Truss, who recently took office.

At the same time, bishops of the Anglican Church with a place in the House of Lords will also be present during the discussions, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, along with the secular representatives of the kingdom.

Who are the members of the Ascension Council?

In the political context, it should be mentioned that the Council also includes the Lord Mayor of London, as well as high-ranking civil servants and the high representatives of the 14 countries and territories that recognize the monarch as head of state.

All private advisers are invited to the discussions, but due to the very short time they were summoned, they will not participate in such a large number.

Historically, in the year 1952, after the death of King George VI, 191 members participated in the Council for the Ascension to the throne of Elizabeth.

The board that sets the details is made up of two parts. More precisely, in the first part, the Lord President announces the death of the monarch and the clerk of the council, Richard Tilbrook, reads aloud the text of the Ascension Proclamation.

Afterwards, a group of high-ranking subjects of the monarch, which includes members of the royal family, the prime minister, the Archbishop of Canterbury and Edward Fitzalan-Howard, Duke of Norfolk and holder of the title of Earl Marshal – the first member of the nobility responsible for organizing the ceremonies of the state, will sign the proclamation.

Once the proclamation is signed, according to the procedure outlined by Reuters, the Lord President calls for silence and the council attends to the remaining business, such as the distribution of the proclamation and the transmission of orders for artillery volleys to be fired from Hyde Park and the Tower London.

When the first part of the council is completed, protocol says that the new proclamation is read from the Proclamation Gallery, a balcony above the courtyard of the Palace of St. James, by the holder of the Garter King of Arms title, currently David White, England’s high-ranking herald whose ceremonial role earns him an annual salary of £49, established since the 1830s.

How does Charles’s enthronement process end?

He is accompanied by other officials, including the Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal, all wearing traditional ceremonial attire. The proclamation is not a simple one. Specifically, it is accompanied by a volley of cannon and the heralds then proceed to the Mansion House in London and the proclamation is read on the steps of the Royal Exchange.

The proclamation is read publicly in the other capitals of the United Kingdom – Edinburgh, Belfast and Cardiff – but also in other locations. As for the second part of the Ascension Council, it is supported by the new sovereign.

On the other hand, it is not mandatory that this immediately follows the first part. Reuters writes that in the second part only the Privy Councilors participate and it begins with a personal statement from Charles regarding the Queen’s death.

Afterwards, Charles must take an oath of security for the Church of Scotland, as required under the 1707 Act by which Scotland joined England and Wales to form Great Britain.

We mention the fact that this type of oath was spoken in the process of ascension by each new sovereign, starting in 1714. At the end, the new monarch signs two copies of the oath, reports Reuters.