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Summer Eurobarometer | Romanians about the war, the crisis



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This year’s summer edition of the Standard Eurobarometer shows a growing trust of citizens in the European Union and a strong and persistent support for the EU’s response to Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, according to the results of the study carried out by the European Commission in June and July, according to a press release from press of the institution, quoted by News.ro.

Also, the summer Eurobarometer indicates an overwhelming majority of EU citizens who support investments in energy from renewable sources and actions to reduce the EU’s dependence on Russian energy sources.

At the same time, the level of approval of the euro reached the highest level ever recorded. However, Europeans are increasingly concerned about the economic situation in the EU and in their own country.

In Romania, the positive image of the EU is currently at a level of 47% (+ 6 percentage points), while 36% of respondents have neutral opinions and 14% have negative opinions about the EU. In addition, 54% of Romanians tend to trust the EU (+ 5 percentage points), above the European average of 49%.

Data regarding Romania can be accessed here (in English).

The general perception of the EU

The Eurobarometer, conducted in June-July 2022, shows that 67% of Romanian respondents are optimistic about the future of the EU, which represents an eight-point increase compared to a similar survey conducted in January-February this year, before Russia’s aggression against Ukraine (EU average: 65 %).

In Romania, the positive image of the EU is currently at a level of 47% (+ 6 percentage points), while 36% of respondents have neutral opinions and 14% have negative opinions about the EU. In addition, 54% of Romanians tend to trust the EU (+ 5 percentage points), above the European average of 49%.

The response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

In line with previous polls, European citizens confirm their strong support for the EU’s response to Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine. Regarding EU actions, at the European level, humanitarian support is the most approved (92% EU average vs 75% in Romania), followed by the reception of Ukrainians from the EU fleeing the war (90% EU average vs 75% in Romania ).

69% of Romanians support the economic sanctions imposed by the EU on the Russian government, businesses and individuals in Russia, below the European average of 78%, the mentioned source also indicates.

Also, 61% of Romanians are in favor of financing the supply and delivery of military equipment to Ukraine (EU average: 68%), and the absolute majority of Romanian respondents (61%) are satisfied with the EU’s response (EU average: 57%).

Energy and energy security

According to the results, 71% of Romanian respondents agree that the EU should invest in energy from renewable sources (EU average: 87%), reduce its dependence on Russian energy sources (70% vs 86% EU average) and that gas storage in EU countries should be carried out quickly to allow uninterrupted gas supply in winter (70% vs 86% EU average).

In addition, 71% of Romanians believe that increasing energy efficiency will make us less dependent on energy producers outside the EU (European average: 85%), while 68% are in favor of the joint purchase of energy by the member states of the EU from other countries to get a better price (EU average: 83%).

Also, 65% of Romanian respondents state that they have recently taken measures to reduce their energy consumption or that they intend to do so in the near future (EU average: 78%).

The economy and the euro currency

The positive perception of the situation of the European economy has decreased by 5 percentage points since the beginning of 2022 and is currently at 40%.

The majority of respondents (51%, + 6 percentage points) believe that the situation of the European economy is currently difficult. In addition, the positive perception of the state of the national economy also decreased by 5 percentage points, to 34%, with 64% considering that the state of their national economy is difficult (+ 5 pp).

The majority of respondents expect the situation of the national economy to worsen in the next 12 months (53%, + 22 percentage points).

At the same time, support for the euro is growing, reaching an all-time high: eight out of 10 respondents in the euro area (+ 3 percentage points) and 72% in the EU (+ 3 percentage points) are in favor of a union economic and monetary European with a single currency, the euro.

More than half of Europeans (56%) believe that the EU’s biggest economic stimulus package – NextGenerationEU – can be effective in responding to current economic challenges.

The main concerns of Europeans at EU and national level

The main concerns of Europeans reflect the pessimistic perception of the economy.

Both nationally and EU-wide, inflation and energy supply have experienced sharp increases and are ranked first and second, respectively.

When asked about the most important issues facing the EU today, over a third of respondents cite “rising prices/inflation/cost of living” (34%, +10 percentage points from February and now in first place) and “energy supply” (28%, +12 percentage points and now in second place from seventh previously), along with “international situation” (also 28%).

Rising prices/inflation/cost of living is also a top concern nationally for more than half of respondents (54%, +13 percentage points), followed by “energy supply” (22%, +11 points percentage) and the “economic situation” (20%, + 1 percentage point).

This is not surprising, as more than six in ten respondents (62%) say that the war in Ukraine has had serious consequences for their personal finances.

The COVID-19 pandemic

Citizens remain positive about the national and EU response to the coronavirus pandemic. More than half of respondents are satisfied with the measures taken by their government and the EU to combat the coronavirus pandemic (both with 56%).

Satisfaction with the response, both at EU and national level, also increased in 23 Member States.

Confidence in the EU to make the right decisions in the future in response to the coronavirus pandemic has also increased and is now over six in ten (63%, +3 percentage points).

Methodological specifications

The standard Eurobarometer survey from the summer of 2022″ (EB 97) was carried out through face-to-face and online interviews carried out in the 27 member states between June 17 and July 17, 2022. 26,468 EU citizens were interviewed in the 27 by member states.

In Romania, 1,042 individual interviews were conducted, exclusively face-to-face, between June 17 and July 13, 2022.