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The German government aims to have 2% of the country’s area



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German states will have to actively look for areas that can be designated for wind farm construction to meet government targets, according to a new bill introduced on Wednesday (June 15th), Clean Energy Wire reported, according to Euractiv.

The government is sending another set of bills aimed at accelerating the country’s energy transition, detailing new rules for using at least 2% of the country’s surface for wind turbines and clarifying the rules for species protection to parliament, where the legislation is scheduled to be implemented before for the summer holidays in July.

Following last week’s reports that disagreement between individual ministries, especially on species protection, could delay the government’s plan to bring the new legislation to parliament before the summer break, the cabinet has continued the two proposals. be adopted by parliament as early as this summer.

The government has fulfilled its promise to allocate a fixed share of the country’s land area to the land wind, dividing it among the 16 federal states.

“We take into account wind conditions, nature and species conservation and spatial orders. It is up to the “Länder” to decide how to achieve their land use objectives. However, we exclude any prevention planning “, writes the Ministry of Economy and Climate.

The goal is to roughly double the country’s onshore wind capacity to 115 gigawatts (GW) by 2030, which means that annual capacity additions will need to reach about 10 GW by 2025.

Following a boom in the expansion of wind power after 2013, additions to Germany’s onshore wind capacity decreased after 2017 and were renewed only in 2020. By 2035, all electricity generated in Germany will come from renewable sources, mainly from wind and solar energy.

Under the “onshore wind energy law”, Germany’s 13 largest states must have designated 1.4% of their wind energy area by 2026; by 2032 it should reach its target of 1.8-2.2%.

Bavaria, famous for its anti-wind policies, has to reserve 1.8% of its land for onshore wind.

States must make their own planning, guided by a set of uniform rules and models issued by the federal government, but may follow individual distance rules if this does not interfere with the achievement of the percentage target.

If, however, they fail to allocate enough space to wind turbines, wind energy investors would automatically be allowed to build new turbines in areas that were previously unavailable due to distance rules. The three city-states of the country, Berlin, Hamburg and Bremen, must use 0.5% of their area for wind energy.

Depending on the wind conditions and the size of the nature reserves, some states will need to reach less than 2%, while others will need to get a little more. States may enter into agreements with each other in order to fulfill their obligations.

The new rules will ensure that the expansion of wind energy in the country is back on track, said Economy and Climate Minister Robert Habeck in Berlin.

“But I don’t want to hide the fact that it will mean taxation for people and states,” he said, adding that he was prepared for many debates and conflicts. Although he takes his concerns and fears about expanding wind power seriously, Habeck said they would not make the government unable to act.

While pleased that the government is addressing too long planning procedures and legal barriers to wind energy, industry officials have strongly criticized species protection rules for creating new legal uncertainties that would further prolong procedures.