The situation in Luhansk and Donetsk and the alleged entry of

The situation in Luhansk and Donetsk and the alleged entry of

Beijing is currently supporting Moscow on Western sanctions, while at the same time calling for dialogue, but refuses to give the impression that it is systematically agreeing with the actions of its Russian partner.

As the Chinese press commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the historic visit of US President Richard Nixon to Beijing, Moscow’s recognition of the two “self-proclaimed republics” of Luhansk and Donetsk and the alleged entry of Russian troops into the Donbass appear to put Beijing in jeopardy. -an embarrassing situation, transmits Le Monde.

China calls for dialogue

From its point of view, China is willing to support Russia in the event of possible Western sanctions, as evidenced by the series of agreements reached on February 4 by Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, but it avoids committing itself. publicly with his Russian partner.

In this political crisis, at the UN Security Council on Monday, February 21, the Chinese representative called on all parties to dialogue to “seek a reasonable response to each party’s concerns.”

And on Tuesday at noon, the Chinese Foreign Minister released the summary of the telephone conversation between Minister Wang Yi and the head of the American diplomacy, Anthony Blinken, regarding “Ukraine and North Korea”. The Chinese foreign minister reiterated that “the legitimate security concerns of each country” must be respected. No criticism or endorsement of Russian policy.

However, just three days ago, Wang Yi had stated at the Munich Security Conference that “the independence and territorial integrity of all countries must be maintained.” “Ukraine is no exception,” he added.

On Tuesday, China Daily, the Communist Party’s English-language tribune, noted in an editorial that the responsibility for the escalation of the situation lies with “the United States and NATO,” which “rejected Moscow’s demands for its security.” But there we also read: “War as a solution to imaginary security threats is not in line with our times. And the cost of a war could be too high for any of the countries. “

Geopolitical benefits

In this sense, experts are less concise. According to Cui Hongjian, director of the European Department of the Institute of International Studies (CIIS) in Beijing, he notes that while Russia and China are partners, they are not allies. “We are together, but we have our own space / of opinion /. China has not always agreed with Moscow. Ukraine is not included in the February 4 joint statement, “said Hongjian au Monde.

However, the nationalist website published an article on Tuesday by researcher Gao Cheng from the Chinese Academy of Sciences. She noted six years ago that “a conflict in Ukraine will strengthen ties between Russia and China, especially in the economic field.”

By creating a crisis in the heart of Europe, Moscow could indirectly serve Beijing’s interests.

“If Russia were to invade Ukraine and provoke a protracted conflict in Eastern Europe, China could reap geopolitical benefits. The United States would be forced to focus on this crisis, which would give Beijing more leeway. The severe sanctions imposed by the West on Moscow make Russia even more dependent on China, “said Minxin Pei, a professor at Claremont McKenna College (California), quoted by Nikkei Asia, an online publication.

So even if the situation in Ukraine and Taiwan is not the same, Washington’s attitude, which refuses any military commitment against nuclear Russia, can only encourage Beijing to arm itself even more.