The summer just ending, the hottest on record

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The summer of 2022 was the hottest summer recorded in Europe, according to data provided by the European climate change monitoring service, Copernicus Climate Change Service, quoted by BBC and News.ro.

A series of extreme heat waves and a prolonged drought have led to record breaking maximum temperatures.

The Copernicus Climate Change Service, Europe’s meteorological service, announced that data showed that August in Europe was the warmest on record by “a substantial margin”.

Globally, researchers say August 2022 was the third warmest August on record.

According to the data provided by the Copernicus Climate Change Service, this year a new record was registered both for the summer season as a whole and for the month of August.

The summer was 0.4 degrees Celsius warmer than the previous record, set last year. The month of August this year was 0.8 degrees Celsius warmer than the same month in 2018, when the previous record was set.

“An intense series of heat waves in Europe, together with unusually dry conditions, have led to a summer of extremes, with record temperatures, drought and fire activity in many parts of Europe, affecting society and nature in different ways. The data show that we not only had record temperatures in August in Europe, but also in terms of summer, the previous record being set only last year”, said Freja Vamborg, senior researcher at the Copernicus Climate Change Service.

In Britain, temperatures reached a new high of 40.3 degrees Celsius, recorded in Coningsby, Lincolnshire, on July 19, a significant difference from the previous record of 38.7 degrees Celsius set in 2019.

Extreme temperatures were also seen in many other countries, with 64 different areas of France recording record highs, while temperatures in Portugal reached 47 degrees Celsius in July.

Europe also faced the worst drought conditions in the last 500 years.

Across the globe, August’s high temperatures persisted on a large scale, with drought conditions also affecting China. However, many regions experienced significant downpours that led to flooding, such as in Pakistan, where flooding resulted in loss of life.

Satellite data showed the weather was wetter than average across most of the Scandinavian Peninsula and parts of southern and southeastern Europe, where a derecho storm brought extreme winds and rain.

Scientists say both the extreme heat and wet conditions are expected in a climate where human-caused emissions have caused temperatures to rise by more than 1.1 degrees Celsius today.